Last December in a garden

Four butterflies met together

Each of them had different colours

And were flying from one flower to another

Leaves were singing a song

Wind played the music for so long

Flowers were actually dancing on the beats

Butterflies performed a great feat

Careless Clouds rushed over

Sun pushed it and peeped twice

Restless rain fell down

Just to see four crazy butterflies

Mad Rainbow gave a surprised expression

Lush Green Grass moved wildly with no intention

Water drops excitedly jumped in air

Because such moments are very rare

Kunti Devi - Victim of Dowry System

Tale of the Miserables

Indeed Victor Hugo’s masterpiece ‘The Miserables’ tells a story of "a saint, a man, a woman, and a child,". The story covers a large portion of Revolutionary French history. The battle of Waterloo, the revolving door of governments, and the numerous street barricade rebellions of the city of Paris during the 1830s all serve as a background for the story. The French word "miserables" means both poor wretches and scoundrels or villains.

The novel offers a huge cast that includes both kinds of "miserables." LES MISERABLES is a powerful social document. The story is set between 1815 and 1832, the years of Hugo's youth. The story of how the convict Jean Valjean struggled to escape his past and reaffirm his humanity, in a world brutalized by poverty and ignorance, became the gospel of the poor and the oppressed. The novel is the parallel story of the recovery of Jean Valjean and France—and to a larger extent, the story of humanity's political and social progress.
Valjean represents the inherent good in every person, while Javert (the policeman) symbolizes the opposite, indeed two sides of the same coin. A single act of mercy shown by Bishop caused Valjean to drastically alter his ways. The depressing deaths of Fantine, Eponine, and the students are among the most emotional moments in the story, without which Valjean's noble death at the end of the story would not have its dramatic impact.

Hugo uses his novel to condemn the unfair class-based structure of nineteenth-century France. He shows time and again that the society turns good, innocent people into beggars and criminals. Hugo focuses on three areas that particularly need reform: education, criminal justice, and the treatment of women. He conveys much of his message through the character of Fantine. Fantine demonstrate the life of the single workingwoman. He shows how people take advantage of her and how she is thrown deeper and deeper into poverty and fear by her circumstances, as she was not educated. Even though she is able to secure a job as a factory worker and finds a home for her illegitimate daughter. The society forced her for prostitution in order to meet Thenardiers demand. This defines the treatment of women in 19th century. Hugo’s lead character, Van Valjean, reveals how the French criminal-justice system transforms a simple bread thief into a criminal.

Hugo used symbols to represent abstract ideas or concept. At the beginning of the novel, Hugo uses the contrast between light and darkness to highlight the differences between Bishop, an honourable citizen, and Valjean, a dark, a convict, incapable of love. When Bishop gives Valjean his silver candlesticks, Bishop is literally passing on this light as he tells Valjean he must promise to become an honest man. Later, the candlesticks reappear frequently to remind Valjean of his duty. Taken as a whole, Les Miserables or ‘the unfortunates’ demonstrates the best and worst of humanity. In addition to the general theme of redemption, the story is filled with various ups and downs of life, each of which offers a moral lesson to the readers.

Hugo made a name for himself as a novelist, a poet and a playwright; by the time he reached his thirties. Among his many works in French, Hugo is best know for his novels The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1831) and Les Miserable (1862), which were translated in many languages. He died in 1885, at the age of 83.

Barbarism at its peak

On 24th of November this year, when many people would perhaps enjoying India and Pakistan test cricket match, women were strip and beaten to death on the streets of Guwahati. This is certainly most ugly and vicious act that we have seen in history.

A shower of protest was heard on the streets of Guwahati on Saturday morning. Where more than 200 students of Akhil Bharti Chatrasangh were brutaly thrashed by the localites. Around 20 people died and 200 were injured.

I was astonished to know that none of the mainstream papers except Dainik Jagaran have highlighted this issue. They have focused on other news that took place at the same time when these innocent women were abused by the local peoples. But nobody heared the cries of these helpless women.

We are singing songs of nationalism and playing triumph on the victory of India in 20 20 worldcup. But we dont feel sad or cry when we see such barbarous act happening around us. This indeed reflects the content of our character.